Natural gas and fertiliser update: Grain market daily –

Friday, 11 November 2022

Analyst, Cereals & Oilseeds.
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UK natural gas prices have been steadily falling since their peak at the end of August. Prices over the last few weeks have been volatile and remain reactive to news surrounding the conflict in the Black Sea region.
Over the last week UK natural gas prices are generally under pressure from increased Norwegian imports, the potential of new energy deals, and strong wind power output.
Yesterday, nearby ICE UK natural gas futures closed at 266.39p/therm, up 86.41p/therm on the year (10 November 2021).
However, as we head into winter and demand for energy rises, could we see a change in overall price direction over the next few weeks?
GMD natural gas futures 11 11 2022
As western relations with Russia continue to be unstable, it’s unsurprising that the overall decline is starting to slow down. Analysts believe if the weather turns colder over the next few weeks, we could see energy demand start to pick up which could add some support, if realised.
Something else to consider is the availability of liquid natural gas (LNG). As a result of limited pipeline imports to Europe from Russia, the continent is increasingly reliant on LNG. According to the BBC, European LNG imports in January-September 2022 were already 23% higher than the 2021 total imports, though increasing reliance could mean higher prices as supplies are limited globally.
Looking ahead, the UK is currently thought to be in the final stages of an LNG deal with the US, which could secure around 10 billion cubic metres of gas. The UK government is also pursuing deals with Norway and Qatar. If these sources of LNG are secured, energy price rises in the winter could be capped. These deals, and winter weather conditions will impact energy prices greatly, and will remain a watchpoint going forward. 
As natural gas makes up around 60-80% of fertiliser production costs in Europe it’s important to consider the impact energy prices will have on fertiliser costs. As is well known, the rising natural gas costs led some fertiliser manufacturers to halt or reduce production. CF industries paused their domestic ammonia production at its Billingham site in August, and as a result, the UK has become more dependent on imported nitrogen fertiliser.  
As natural gas prices have been declining over the last couple of months, the price of imported ammonium nitrate has moved sideways, suggesting that global demand for fertiliser remains strong. Octobers imported AN price sits at £870.00/t, no change from September, and up 48% on the year.
Discussions around the Ukrainian export deal could also see Russia exporting more of their own fertiliser and grain. This, combined with volatile gas prices and uncertainty around domestic natural gas supply, will be something to monitor regarding fertiliser price direction.
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